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Space Programme in India

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The declared primary objective of the Indian Space Programme/Mission is to achieve self-reliance in Space Technology and to execute programmes/missions for the socio-economic development of the country.

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) harnesses space technology for national development, while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration. ISRO is one of the six largest space agencies in the world and reportedly the most cost-effective space agency of all. 
The programmes/ missions drawn up and proposed by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for the socio-economic development of the country include:


To enable these, ISRO has embarked on the following programmes:


Some of the important applications being carried out by the Ministries/Departments of Government of India using space technology are given below:

Ministry/Department Application
M/o Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
  • Crop Acreage Estimation & Production Forecasting
  • Agricultural Drought Assessment
  • Inventory and Management of Horticulture crops
M/o Environment Forests & Climate Change
  • Biennial Forest Cover Mapping
  • Monitoring Snow & Glaciers  and Snow-Melt Runoff in Himalayan Region
  • Coastal Zone Monitoring
M/o Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation
  • Command Area Development and Assessment of Irrigation Potential
  • Repair, Renovation and Restoration of Water Bodies
  • Reservoir sedimentation assessment
M/o Urban Development
  • National Urban Information System
  • Enabling Master plan preparation for 500 cities / towns
M/o Culture
  • Inventory and site management plans for 4000 heritage enabling ease of business
M/o Drinking Water and Sanitation
  • Ground Water Prospects Zones and Suitable sites for constructing recharge structures
M/o Civil Aviation
  • Dedicated Satellite Communication Network (DSCN), linking several operational airports for exchange of voice and data for various services
  • GAGAN (GPS Aided GEO Augmented Navigation) for safety of life applications and en-route navigation
D/o Post
  • Geo-tagging of post offices
  • Postman beat maps
M/o Earth Sciences
  • Space derived inputs for operational weather forecast, tropical cyclone tracking & Ocean State Forecast
  • Potential Fishing Zone Advisory
M/o Petroleum & Natural Gas
  • Planning pipeline corridor
M/o Rural Development
  • Wasteland change monitoring
  • Monitoring & Evaluation of Watershed development
M/o Rural Development
  • Wasteland change monitoring
  • Monitoring & Evaluation of Watershed development
M/o Information and Broadcasting
  • Satellite based communication services for broadcasting
M/o Power
  • Environmental impact assessment of Power projects
M/o Panchayati Raj
  • Space Based Information Support for Decentralized Planning at Panchayat level
  • SATCOM centres at every block for training.
M/o Tribal Affairs
  • Potential Pond Identification for developing fish culture in village ponds.
  • Identifying sites for new ponds for harvesting runoff
D/o Health & Family Welfare
  • Telemedicine Centres at pilgrimage sites and remote areas


India’s mission to Mars – The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) - launched on November 05, 2013 and successfully inserted into Mars orbit on September 24, 2014, has various achievements to its credit like,


India’s mission to moon - Chandrayan Mission-I in 2008 - discovered the presence of water on the surface of the Moon and turned a new chapter in the world’s understanding of Moon. 

The Government, in September 1992, has set up Antrix Corporation Limited (Antrix), as ISRO’s commercial arm, under the administrative control of Department of Space for commercial exploitation of indigenously developed space technology products and services. Antrix has taken steps to provide products and services by way of:


ISRO, through its commercial arm - Antrix Corporation Limited, till November 2015, has launched 51 satellites from 20 countries. 

Antrix, through the above activities has earned during:


The funds allocated for various space programmes during the last three years, year-wise are given below:
Rs (in Crores)

Space Programme
(Revised Estimates)
Space Technology 2896.49 2960.15 3514.61
Space Applications 575.35 591.13 736.20
Space Science 313.00 406.77 305.85
INSAT Operational 974.09 1041.00 1124.03
Other Programmes & Direction/Administration 97.35 169.91 145.31
Total 4856.28 5168.96 5826.00


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