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Dr. Manmohan Singh

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Dr. Manmohan Singh
Prime Minister of India during May 2004-May 2014

India’s fourteenth Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh is rightly acclaimed as a thinker and a scholar. He is well regarded for his diligence and his academic approach to work, as well as his accessibility and his unassuming demeanour.

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was born on September 26, 1932, in a village in the Punjab province of undivided India. His academic career took him from Punjab to the University of Cambridge, UK, where he earned a First Class Honours degree in Economics in 1957. Dr. Singh followed this with a D. Phil in Economics from Nuffield College at Oxford University in 1962. His book, “India's Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth” [Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1964] was an early critique of India's inward-oriented trade policy.

Dr. Singh’s academic credentials were burnished by the years he spent on the faculty of Punjab University and the prestigious Delhi School of Economics. He had a brief stint at the UNCTAD Secretariat as well, during these years. This presaged a subsequent appointment as Secretary General of the South Commission in Geneva between 1987 and 1990.

In 1971, Dr. Singh joined the Government of India as Economic Advisor in the Commerce Ministry. This was soon followed by his appointment as Chief Economic Advisor in the Ministry of Finance in 1972. Among the many Governmental positions that Dr. Singh has occupied are Secretary in the Ministry of Finance; Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission; Governor of the Reserve Bank of India; Advisor to the Prime Minister; and Chairman of the University Grants Commission.

In what was to become the turning point in the economic history of independent India, Dr. Singh spent five years between 1991 and 1996 as India’s Finance Minister. His role in ushering in a comprehensive policy of economic reforms is now recognized worldwide.

In his political career, Dr. Singh has been a Member of India’s Upper House of Parliament (the Rajya Sabha) since 1991, where he was Leader of the Opposition between 1998 and 2004. Dr. Manmohan Singh was sworn in as Prime Minister on 22nd May after the 2004 general elections and took the oath of office for a second term on 22nd May 2009.

Curriculum Vitae

DR. Manmohan Singh
Prime Minister Of India


Academic Record
1962 D. Phil., Nuffield College, University of Oxford.

Topic: India’s Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained

Growth. [Published by Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1964]
1957 Economic Tripos [First Class honours], University of Cambridge
1954 M.A. Economics, Panjab University - First Class with first position in the University
1952 B.A. Economics(Hons.), Panjab University - Second Class with first position in the University
1950 Intermediate Panjab University - First Class with first position in the University
1948 Matriculation, Panjab University – First class


Prizes and Awards
2000 Conferred Annasaheb Chirmule Award by the W.LG.

alias Annasaheb Chirmule Trust setup by United Western Bank Limited,

Satara, Maharashtra
1999 Received H.H. Kanchi Sri Paramacharya Award for

Excellence from Shri R. Venkataraman, former President of India and

Patron, The Centenarian Trust.
1999 Fellow of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi.
1997 Conferred Lokmanya Tilak Award by the Tilak Smarak Trust, Pune .
1997 Received Justice K.S. Hegde Foundation Award for the year 1996.
1997 Awarded Nikkei Asia prize for Regional Growth by

the Nihon Keizai Shimbun Inc. (NIKKEI), publisher of Japan’s leading

business daily.
1996 Honorary Professor, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, Delhi
1995 Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award of the Indian Science Congress Association for 1994-95.
1994 Asiamoney Award, Finance Minister of the Year.
1994 Elected Distinguished Fellow, London School of Economics, Centre for Asia Economy, Politics and Society.
1994 Elected Honorary Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford, Oxford, U.K.
1994 Honorary Fellow, All India Management Association.
1993 Euromoney Award, Finance Minister of the Year.
1993 Asiamoney Award, Finance Minister of the Year.
1987 Padma Vibhushan Award by the President of India.
1986 National Fellow, National Institute of Education, N.C.E.R.T.
1985 Elected President, Indian Economic Association.
1982 Elected Honorary Fellow, St. John’s College, Cambridge.
1982 Elected Honorary Fellow, Indian Institute of Bankers.
1976 Honorary Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
1957 Elected Wrenbury Scholar, University of Cambridge, U.K.
1955 Awarded Wright’s Prize for distinguished performance, St. John’s college, Cambridge, U.K.
1956 Awarded Adam Smith Prize, University of Cambridge, U.K.
1954 Uttar Chand Kapur Medal, Panjab university, for standing first in M.A.(Economics), Panjab University, Chandigarh.
1952 University Medal for standing First in B.A. Hons.(Economics), Panjab University, Chandigarh.


Recipient of Honorary Degrees of D.Litt. from :


Work Experience And Positions Held
May 22, 2004 – till date: Prime Minister of India.
March 21, 1998 – May 22,2004: Leader of Opposition, Rajya Sabha (Council of States) Parliament of India
June, 2001: Re-elected as member of Rajya, Sabha for a Term of six years
August 1, 1996 - Dec 4, 1997: Chairman, Parliamentary Standing, Committee on Commerce, Rajya Sabha
June 21, 1991- May 15, 1996: Finance Minister of India
June, 1995: Re-elected Member of Rajya, Sabha for a term of six years
September, 1991: Elected Member of Rajya Sabha
March 1991-June 1991: Chairman, University Grants Commission
Dec. 1990 – March 1991: Advisor to Prime Minister of India on Economic Affairs
August 1987 – Nov 1990: Secretary General and Commissioner, South Commission
Jan 1985- July 1987: Dy. Chairman, Planning Commission of India
Sept 1982 – Jan 1985: Governor, Reserve Bank of India
April 1980 – Sept 1982: Member-Secretary, Planning Commission, India
Nov.1976 – April 1980: Secretary, Ministry of Finance, Dept. of Economic Affairs, Government of India
Member [Finance], Atomic Energy Commission, Govt. of India
Member [Finance], Space Commission, Govt. of India
1972 – 1976: Chief Economic Adviser, Ministry of Finance, India
1971 – 1972: Economic Adviser, Ministry of Foreign Trade, India
1969 – 1971: Professor of International Trade, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi University, India
1966 – 1969: UNCTAD, United Nations Secretariat, New York
Chief, Financing for Trade Section 1966 : Economic Affairs Officer.

1957 – 1965:
Panjab University, Chandigarh
1963-65 : Professor of Economics
1959-63 : Reader in Economics
 1957-59 : Senior Lecturer in Economics.


Other Assignments

Leader of the Indian delegation to the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, Cyprus (1993)

Leader of the Indian delegation to the Human Rights World Conference, Vienna (1993)

Governor of India on the Board of Governors of the IMF and the International Bank of Reconstruction & Development (1991-95)

Appointed by Prime Minister of India as Member, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (1983-84)

Chairman, India Committee of the Indo-Japan Joint Study Committee (1980-83).

Leader, Indian Delegation to :

Indo-Soviet Monitoring Group Meeting (1982)

Indo-Soviet Joint Planning Group Meeting (1980-82)

Aid India Consortium Meetings (1977-79).

Member Indian Delegation to :

South-South Consultation, New Delhi (1982)

Cancun Summit on North-South Issues (1981)

Aid-India Consortium Meetings, Paris (1973-79)

Annual Meetings of IMF, IBRD & Commonwealth Finance Ministers (1972-79)

Third Session of UNCTAD, Santiago (April-May 1972)

Meetings of UNCTAD Trade & Development Board, Geneva (May 1971 – July 1972)

Ministerial Meeting of Group of 77, Lima (Oct.1971)

 Second Session of UNCTAD, 1968
Committee on Invisibles & Financing Related to Trade, Consultant to UNCTAD, ESCAP and Commonwealth Secretariat

Member, International Organizations :

Appointed as Member by the Secretary-General, United Nations of a Group of Eminent Persons to advise him on Financing for Development (December, 2000)


Author of book “India’s Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth” [Clarendon Press, Oxford University, 1964] .

Have published a large number of articles in economic journals.

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