Organisation of Derivatives Market in India
Various models exist for the regulation of derivative products across the globe. In some countries, all financial markets including those for commodity derivatives and securities derivatives are organised under one regulator. Certain countries keep money market operations exclusively under Central Bank and all the other segments of financial markets under a separate regulator. Some countries have a very fragmented system of regulation with separate regulators for each class of product. In many jurisdictions, the market for non-standardised contracts or better known as over the counter market or negotiated market are not under any specific regulators.
The framework for regulating derivative transactions is provided in the various Acts of Government of India such as Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956, Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, Forward Contracts (Regulation) Act 1952 and related Rules, Regulations, Guidelines, Circulars etc.
Exchange traded equity derivatives market is regulated by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) while the Forward Markets Commission (FMC) regulates the exchange traded commodity derivatives market in India. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) as well as SEBI jointly regulates the exchange traded foreign currency and interest rate futures. The foreign currency, interest rate and credit derivatives traded in the over the counter (OTC) market is under the jurisdiction of RBI and is permitted as long as at least one of the parties in the transaction is regulated by RBI.
To understand the size of each segment, the turnover in various derivative contracts over the past three years across the segments is given below. As may be seen, the OTC turnover as a percentage of exchange traded securities derivatives turnover has decreased over the years.