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Money Bill

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Money Bill refers to a bill (draft law) introduced in the Lower Chamber of Indian Parliament (Lok Sabha) which generally covers the issue of receipt and spending of money, such as tax laws, laws governing borrowing and expenditure of the Government, prevention of black money etc.

Eg. of Money bills are Finance Bills and Appropriation Bills, Income Tax Act, 1961, The Undisclosed Foreign Income And Assets (Imposition Of Tax) Bill, 2015 etc .

The term “money bill” hence, connotes certain characteristics of the proposed bill.

Under Article 110(1) of the Constitution  of India a money bill is defined as follows…

110(1)…a Bill is deemed to be a Money Bill if it contains only provisions dealing with all or any of the following matters, namely:

(a)  the imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax;

(b)  the regulation of the borrowing of money or the giving of any guarantee by the Government of India, or the amendment of the law with respect to any financial obligations undertaken or to be undertaken by the Government of India;

(c)  the custody of the Consolidated Fund or the Contingency Fund of India, the payment of moneys into or the withdrawal of moneys from any such fund;

(d)  the appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund of India;

(e)  the declaring of any expenditure to be expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of India or the increasing of the amount of any such expenditure;

(f)    the receipt of money on account of the Consolidated Fund of India or the public account of India or the custody or issue of such money or the audit of the accounts of the Union or of a State;


(g)   any matter incidental to any of the matters specified in sub-clauses (a) to (f).

(2.)   A Bill is not deemed to be Money Bill by reason only that it provides for the imposition of fines or other pecuniary penalties, or for the demand or payment of fees for licences or fees for services rendered, or by reason that it provides for the imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax by any local authority or body for local purposes….

Features of Money Bills
Essentially a Money bill has the following features:

A defeat of Money bill in Lok Sabha is deemed political/parliamentary defeat of the government of the day.  Speaker has unquestionable powers to decide if a Bill is a Money Bill or not. It cannot be questioned in any court.  Rajya Sabha (Upper chamber of the Parliament)’s dissent on a Money Bill is of no political significance, as the Lok Sabha has overriding powers on Money Bills. Money bill cannot be referred to even joint Committees of the two Houses of the Parliament (to resolve differences between the two Houses), as is in the case of other bills. The Standing Committee of the Parliament also cannot scrutinize a Money Bill.

More about money bills may be seen in the Legislative Procedures of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

Also See

1. Rajya Sabha practice and procedure Series

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